Are NASA Scientists planning to start life on Keplar186F?
NASA scientists are bound to respect the current technologies and laws of physics.
Let's forget about starting a life on Keplar 186F which is in habitable zone of a red dwarf star 560 light years away, NASA cannot ‘start life' on our neighboring planet Mars which is also inside habitable zone. At least not with current technologies.
NASA launched the Kepler space telescope in March, 2009 to hunt for exoplanets. Kepler discovers planets based on transit method. Hence any planet discovered by Kepler space telescope is also named after the ancient astronomer and physicist Johannes Kepler, example Kepler 186F or Kepler 456B. I have written another answer explaining more about how the Kepler telescope discovers planets - here.
Why NASA can't start a life on Kepler 186F?
Local Environmental Factors:
Life as we know it cannot be started on any planet or moon just by seeding any known life form there. Life has to adapt and evolve with the local environment to start flourishing. Environment conditions like the composition of atmosphere, composition of land/soil, geological activities like volcanoes or geysers, magnetosphere, gravity of other neighboring planets or home star and moons, planet's rotation and revolutions, seasons and so many other local factors.
Even on earth if life was seeded by asteroids, it took almost a billion year for life to evolve in some stable form under local conditions.
Distance to Planet:
Kepler 186F is 560 Lightyears away. It means that even at the speed of light (which is impossible) it would take around 560 years for any space probe/craft.
The farthest in space which any human made probe has reached is Voyager 1 and 2. Voyager 1 was launched in 1977, and it took almost 35 years for Voyager to cross our solar system in 2012. It has still not crossed the Oort cloud. It is travelling with the speed of about 17 km per second, so with this speed it would take 17600 years just to travel one light year. Hence it would take at least 9.85 million earth years for any voyager like probe to reach Kepler 186F.
To give context to 9.85 million years, just think that first Homo genus Homo Habilis appeared around 3 million years ago. And in next 9.85 million years we don't know what would happen to modern human beings, or whether human beings would exist or not.
There is one technology which has the capability to make human made probes reach distant planets in significantly lower time.
No I am not talking about warp drive and fusion drive. We are still as far away to develop these technologies as far were cave men to develop smart phones.
The technology is Solar Sail or Light Sail.
Solar Sails based probes:
Solar sail is a very unique kind of propulsion technology where the momentum of photons is used to propel the space probe. Yes, momentum of trillions of photons from a very high powered laser on earth can propel probes up to quarter of speed of light. That's freaking high speed, but with this speed also it would take a probe at least 2240 years to reach Kepler 186F, which is like seconds as compared to a journey of 9.85 million years.
We have trouble keeping life on this planet even though we did not start it. We have not even had humans on Mars. Anybody can plan anything.... whether it is doable is another question. Life is precious and one of the mission statements original to NASA was to help preserve life on Earth. Amazingly that statement was changed during the Bush presidency (actually it was eliminated!). See the NY Times article below:
NASA is not even allowed to protect life on Earth so how can they bring life to Keplar 186F? Besides we have no way to even get there. Getting humans to Mars is dubious so the question is not even relevant
Not in the near future with our current technology, let's face it, it is 560 light years away from us. With conventional propulsion, it would take at least a thousand years to reach the planet. That takes away the chance of immediate prospects of colonization as we require that many generations have to forget their home planet and their successors will be forced to take up the task.
The planet is in an habitable zone around its parent star, which means that the conditions of life are right. But we do not have conclusive proof that the planet supports life. Even then, if in the future, it is proved that life is possible on the planet, even according to the treaty of outer space signed by various nations, we must not contaminate other celestial bodies lest it is detrimental to the native life of the planet no matter the stage of development of life may be. The best of clean room facility does not guarantee that we will inadvertently introduce bacteria and other organisms to the planet. So there are legal and ethical issues also to be considered.
How about an example before we answer any of this?
Imagine one fine day you're watching a TV series say Quantico (not advertising really! just a random thought that came by). While the characters are introduced you get awed by a new actor from the series named Priyanka Chopra. She is all over your thoughts and obsession. You imagine all possible situations in life with her at your leisure. Somehow reality slaps you hard to awaken you to your present situation. If you analyze small fragments to work your way to her and your dream you had envisioned as your obsession you would find an answer on how to work your way through. The fragments you may decide to work on maybe getting into circles that may provide you with an opportunity to interact with her, doing a research on how as a personality she is and see if you can match to her expectations that you perceive she may have and so on. It may not yield results immediately but who knows in the near future or in future it may work if your interest is not lost. Now from the example Priyanka Chopra is comparable to Kepler 186F, possible situations in life with her is the prospects of life on that planet which is only imagination and a mystery, small fragments to work your way to her is the technological advancements needed to survive the travel time required to reach and inhibit the planet.
As of now all we know about the planet is that it orbits a red dwarf star that is 600 million years younger to our sun, the atmospheric composition is unknown. Just merely being in the habitable zone does not guarantee habitation for human species. On the other hand we know a lot more things about our neighboring planet Mars. However, we are still studying it to know more about the subsurface layers and possible cues that may help us colonize a neighboring planet if at all we can.
Kepler 186 F is 5298009235186954 kms away while Mars on an average is 225000000 kms away. Now have you heard of a single mission up till now from any space agency in the world to have successfully sent a manned mission to mars? The answer is an obvious NO. Currently space organizations are looking at the effects of human body being in space for about a year by analyzing data recorded from studying the bodies of astronauts at the international space station. Since a manned mission to mars is yet to become a reality, however, preparations are already underway and anticipated that such an expedition may take place by the year 2035. It is better to take baby steps and learn to walk than being a kid and trying to replicate the leap of a man. No manned mission has gone beyond moon and it makes more sense to try and travel in our own solar system first than to make an interstellar journey. I'm sure given the present resources NASA will more likely aim a mission to mars than Kepler 186F. I'm also sure that NASA will not even think of such a mission as of now, it's just being too ambitious!
This question is the recent trend in Quora.
A simple No is the answer to this question because Keplar 186F is about 490 light-years away from the earth. NASA cannot start life on the nearby planet such as Mars (54.6 million kilometers) let alone Keplar186f.
A Light-year is unit of measurement of distance covered by light in an year.
Forget keplar planets , No NASA or Space X mission is going to colonize any planet in the near future. Every planet other than earth is hostile to human life. Try colonizing Antarctica instead which will be considered as paradise compared to the living conditions of these hostile planets!!