Can artificial intelligence replace human beings?
Stephen Hawking says "The primitive forms of artificial intelligence we already have, have proved very useful. But I think the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race."
Bill Gates believes that Artificial super-intelligence will become a threat. "First the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be super-intelligent. A few decades after that though the intelligence is strong enough to be a concern. I don't understand why some people are not concerned."
Elon Musk warns that "AI a fundamental existential risk for human civilisation"and calls for regulation.
Three factors drive the advance of AI: algorithmic innovation, data, and the amount of compute available for training.
Since 2012 the amount of compute used in the largest AI training runs has been increasing exponentially with a 3.5 month-doubling time (by comparison, Moore's Law had an 18-month doubling period). It has grown by more than 300,000x (an 18-month doubling period would yield only a 12x increase).
As told by Stephen Hawking to BBC " The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race."
Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn't compete with the AI, and would be superseded.
Presently the Artificial Intelligence like Clever Bot and AlphaGo use the algorithm based on learning from its experiences and thus leading to perfection. Its no longer a dream that the AI would replace the human programmers.
The rate of the growth of the IQ of such AIs that learn from their past is exponential and can overcome William James Sidis (Man with the highest IQ ) ‘s IQ in very less time.
AI would replace most human jobs (but it can never have emotions like humans.)
If you are talking about AI taking jobs, yes.
If you are talking about AI replacing humanity itself, yes.
Machinery and AI have already started to take over numerous jobs, throwing people out of their jobs. So that is that.
In a dystopian future, it's easy to imagine that robots have taken over, turning humans into a sluggish race. But this vision is far more suited to science fiction than it is reality. While artificial intelligence (AI) is certainly fueling massive changes across industries, it is scaremongering to say that it will replace humans.
In reality, it is much more likely that humans and machines will work in unison -- at the end of the day, humans and machines are good at fundamentally different things. AI only follows mathematical models of thought. Concepts such as ambition, greed and love are not easy to replicate. AI, as of yet, doesn't have emotional intelligence. In short, AI will be complementary to humans.
Interestingly, the results of a global survey recently conducted by Accenture, an Artificial Solutions partner, reinforce this in the business world, with 61% of business leaders expecting the share of roles requiring collaboration with Al to increase in the next three years. Further, more than half say that human-machine collaboration is important to achieving their strategic priorities.
One area of business in which AI is gaining increased traction is in customer service, where enterprises have started to deploy artificially intelligent virtual customer assistants (often referred to as chatbots). While this trend is still in its early stages, with only 4% of enterprises having deployed conversational interfaces according to a recent Gartner survey, 38% are planning to or actively experimenting in this market. [Full disclosure: We have a research contract with Gartner that allows us access.]
But how emotionally savvy are these chatbots? Through conversational AI, it might be able to recognize sentiment. For example, it would be able to detect that a customer is angry and sarcastic because they are annoyed you didn't deliver and respond with the appropriate level of empathy. Or, it may be able to distinguish that "I want to go somewhere nice" is positive, vs. "I want to go to Nice" is neutral, and respond in a meaningful way. But it doesn't replace the need for human connection, just as talking on social media doesn't fulfill the same need as sitting down with a friend for a cup of coffee and a chat.
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What AI does do, however, is free up contact center staff to deal with customer issues. In some circumstances, your chatbot has learned or been trained to give an appropriate response. In others, a real person can use their life experiences and combine them with your policies and procedures to arrive at a satisfactory outcome.
So, the bottom line is that AI has its place, as do humans.
For example, machines are good at making sense of enormous amounts of data, learning correct responses and statistically guessing the appropriate response. They are amazingly fast at processing and making logical choices based on statistical rules. But when your customer's expectations and satisfaction rest on a little empathy, hand the interaction off to a live agent.
And that is the crux of the debate. Machines are all about data and humans are all about emotions. The decision to purchase with a particular company is more often rooted in emotional need than rational choice.
Undoubtedly, AI will replace humans in some roles such as process-orientated tasks where RPA technology excels. However, computers are tools, not rivals. In every situation in which technology threatens jobs, new positions arise, often because of changes brought about by technology. There will always be jobs that only humans can do, including designing, updating and enhancing artificial intelligence technology.
The truth of it all is that no matter how hard some may try to convince us otherwise, AI will not replace human emotional intelligence
Artificial Intelligence will change the way we live for sure. It will also destroy the kind of jobs we have right now as its being built to replace the Human intellect but there will be new possibilities. Like the internet revolution or any kind of industry revolution, it will be disruptive for many industries and again people who are the early-adopters and who understand it will reap a lot of benefit from it. The good thing is Human Beings also evolve with the tools they use, so on one hand its a good thing because initially all the jobs and tasks that AI will take over from us are the ones that generally human beings find monotonous. And, we will have more time to spend and focus on the things that we have passion for. One of the greatest abilities of Humans is their Survival Instinct, AI may cost a little along the way due to our ignorance but eventually human beings will be victorious. Alibaba Chairman Jack Ma has a very Interesting view on this. He says "Humans will win in the war with the machines because Machine can be trained to gain knowledge but the Humans have wisdom", this is really profound way of looking at it.
Obviously, machine outperform us in statistic & calculation.
AlphaGo beats Lee Sedol.