Can you tell me how to go for a kidney transplant?
A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure done to implant a healthy kidney from another person. It is recommended for people who have end-stage kidney disease and will not be able to live without dialysis or a transplant. Kidney transplant surgery is a complex procedure. What's more, the experience of receiving a kidney, or donating one, can be highly emotional.
Most people are born with two kidneys, located behind the abdominal organs and below the rib cage. They perform several important functions including:
- Filtering blood to remove waste products, passing the waste from the body as urine and returning water and chemicals back to the body as necessary.
- Regulating blood pressure by releasing several hormones.
- Stimulating red blood cell production by releasing the hormone erythropoietin.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that produce urine. Urine is carried to the bladder and when the bladder is full, urine is excreted from the bladder through the urethra.
When the kidneys stop working, the condition is referred to as "end-stage renal disease." Toxic waste products accumulate in the body and either dialysis or a kidney transplant is required to sustain life.
The most common causes of kidney failure include:
- Diabetes mellitus
- High blood pressure
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Severe defects of the urinary tract
During a kidney transplant evaluation, a transplant coordinator will arrange a series of tests to assess your treatment options. You'll be evaluated for potential medical problems such as heart disease, infections, bladder dysfunction, ulcer disease and obesity.