How were civil rights and liberties established in the US?
In brief, many of the American colonies were established by those who were persecuted, particularly for religious reasons, in England. The Puritans settled in New England and the Quakers in Pennsylvania. The local colonial governments, not wanting to do what had been done to them, established rationalist and enlightenment ideas in the founding documents, such as constitutions, of the various American colonies before the Revolutionary War.
Governmental abuses from distant England, such as taxation without representation and forcing local farmers to house British soldiers and feed them with no financial compensation and no adequate safeguards for the soldiers' behavior enraged the colonists. This, in colonies already sensitive to religious persecution, generated the desire for independence and a strong notion of the idea that government should not be allowed to violate individual rights.
After the war, the initial collective government of the former colonies did not address many of these issues and was not cohesive. Conflict over trade and other issues was growing. So a Second Continental Congress was called, and these men proposed the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights, codifying into the structure of the government of the US a set of Enlightenment ideals that, they hoped, would create a just nation.
First the Declaration of independence from the rule of a King, then a war for freedom, Then a constitution to abide by made by intelligent men.
NO MORE - NO LESS-When you are ready to give your life for what you believe!