How will China's culture and influence affect the world over the coming decades?The biggest effect will be felt in the developing nations of Africa and their allegiance to China. China has been focusing major resources in the past years to fostering ties with African nations in hopes that these will pay off high dividends in the future.
This is a very smart and strategic approach for the Chinese. As many African countries catch up with the rest of the world we can expect them to undergo the similar transformation as many of the developing nations in the world have. That is, start with low-level manufacturing, exploitation of natural resources, and then try to move to technology, and service economies.
With the backing of China's RMB, and strong alliances being built, they will probably create mutually-dependent and supplemental economies, which is very likely break the "new world order" view supported heavily by the U.S. military and help create a new multi-polar world. (Along with other emerging markets such as the BRICS, "Next Eleven, or CIVETS).
In essence, depending on which side you view this from, you can see this as a balancing of major super powers, or as an erosion of American influence throughout the world.
I tend to be an optimistic and think this kind of competition will push America's drive for innovation, and rekindle the passion for hard-work that has made America into the super-power it is today.
My worries however, are that politicians in the U.S. will use the growing clout of China as political scare tactics, to make Americans feed into a new cold-war mentality, so instead of competing through innovation and entrepreneurship, decide to compete militarily. This would be a major mistake that can unfortunately lead to people living in fear. I for sure don't want to have to go through the same fears my parents went through during the Cold War.
I wish to live in a world with peace, only way to do this is through reaching out and respecting each other, and in trying to understand each other's cultural differences, instead of trying to overpower them. Ultimately, I'd leave the competing to the Olympics, and focus more on improving our own country through more education, better opportunities for entrepreneurial ventures, and more spending on Science and Technology.
With the collapse of the last Chinese dynasty, traditional Chinese cultures and values and influence go away with history. China entered a period of mimicking and learning western societies and cultures along with the dismantlement of traditional Chinese value systems until early 1960's when China and Soviet Union split on their ways. So my personal belief is modern Chinese cultures and values did not start to fully develop until 1960's. Prior to that, the Chinese were destructing the old fabrics of their society and brining in new elements from the west.
In 1978, China eventually embarked on the fast track of economic growth with which cultural influence over other countries will sooner or later become possible. The next decade will see China joining the developed nation club by raising their nominal GDP per capita over $20,000 per year. But before the Chinese getting rich enough, their cultural influence would be mostly limited to regional undeveloped nations like Vietnam and Cambodia. Chinese pop cultural influence is already visible in Vietnam. Chinese pop songs and TV dramas are big hits among Vietnamese youngsters and Chinese software company Jinshan's internet games ranked No.1 in the Vietnam market.
China will continue growing its cultural influence over poorer traditional Confucius circles in East Asia, mainly Vietnam and North Korea, in the coming decade. But its cultures won't be able to reach developed nations yet. Chinese cultures will become influential enough when Chinese society becomes affluent enough.
For example, over the past few years, refugee flows from the Middle East and North Africa have moved around the world, millions of people have been displaced, and even many young children have been buried in the sea on the road, leading to this problem. The reason is war, conflict, regional turmoil. The way to solve this problem is to seek peace, to promote reconciliation, to restore stability.
The international financial crisis is not the inevitable outcome of the development of economic globalization, but the financial capital of excessive profits, a serious lack of financial supervision results.
At present, the most urgent task is to lead the world economy out of the woods. The long-term downturn in the world economy, the gap between rich and poor, North-South gap is more prominent. Its roots, is the economic field of the three prominent contradictions have not been effectively resolved.
First, the global growth momentum is insufficient, it is difficult to support the sustained and stable growth of the world economy. World economic growth in the lowest level in seven years, global trade growth continues to lower than the economic growth. Short-term policy stimulus effect is poor, deep-seated structural reform is still advancing. The world economy is in the transition period of kinetic energy conversion, the traditional growth engine to stimulate the economy weakened, artificial intelligence, 3D printing and other new technologies, although emerging, but the new economic growth point has not yet formed. The world economy is still unable to open up a new path.
Second, the global economic governance lag, it is difficult to adapt to the new changes in the world economy. Emerging market countries and developing countries have contributed 80% to global economic growth. Over the past few decades, the international economic power has evolved profoundly, and the global governance system has failed to reflect the new pattern, and the representation and inclusiveness are not enough. The global industrial layout is constantly adjusting, the new industry chain, the value chain, the supply chain is increasingly formed, and the trade and investment rules failed to keep up with the new situation, the mechanism closed, the rules fragmentation is very prominent. Global financial markets need to enhance the ability to resist risks, and the global financial governance mechanism failed to adapt to new needs, it is difficult to effectively resolve the international financial market turmoil, asset bubble accumulation and other issues.
Third, the global development of imbalance, it is difficult to meet people's expectations of a better life. Mr. Schwab wrote in the Fourth Industrial Revolution that the fourth industrial revolution would have an extremely wide and far-reaching impact, including an increase in inequality, especially the possibility of widening the gap between capital returns and labor returns The The world's richest 1% of the population has more wealth than the remaining 99% of the population's wealth, inequality in income distribution, and the imbalance in the development space. There are still more than 700 million people living in extreme poverty around the world. For many families, with warm housing, adequate food, stable work or a luxury. This is the biggest challenge facing the world today and an important reason for social turmoil in some countries.
"The real enemy is not our neighbor, but hunger, poverty, ignorance, superstition and prejudice." We both have the wisdom to analyze the problem, but also have the courage to take action.
China will bring the change
First, adhere to innovation, innovation is the first driving force to develop. Compared with the previous industrial revolution, the fourth industrial revolution is exponential rather than linear speed.
Second, adhere to the collaborative linkage, to create an open and win-win cooperation model. Mankind has become yours in me, I have your fate in the community, the interests of a high degree of integration, interdependence. Every country has the right to development, at the same time should be in a broader level to consider their own interests, can not damage the interests of other countries at the expense of.
We must unswervingly develop the open world economy, share opportunities and interests in the open, and achieve mutual benefit and win-win. Can not be a storm to return to the harbor to go, it is never reach the other side. We have to vigorously develop the global interoperability, so that the world to achieve joint growth, to the common prosperity. We must unswervingly develop global free trade and investment, promote trade and investment liberalization in opening up, and stand out against protectionism. Engaging in protectionism as if to turn himself into the dark room, seem to escape the wind and rain, but also isolated the sun and the air. The result of a trade war can only be a lose-lose.
Third, adhere to advance with the times, to create a fair and reasonable governance model. Small intellectual governance, great governance. The global economic governance system is becoming more and more urgent, the international community calls for higher and higher. The global governance system can only provide a strong guarantee for the global economy only if it adapts to the new international economic structure.
The state, regardless of size, strength, wealth, rich and poor, are equal members of the international community, should be equal to participate in decision-making, enjoy the right to fulfill their obligations. To give emerging market countries and developing countries more representative and voice. The 2010 IMF share reform program has been in force and this momentum should be maintained. We must uphold multilateralism and safeguard the authority and effectiveness of multilateral institutions. To practice the promise, to comply with the rules, can not choose according to their own wishes or choice. The Paris Agreement is in line with the general direction of global development and the results are hard to come by, and should be held together and can not be given up. This is our future generations must bear the responsibility!
Fourth, adhere to fair and inclusive, to create a balanced Pratt & Whitney development model. "The road trip is also the world for the public." The purpose of development is to benefit the people. To make the development more balanced, so that the development opportunities are more equal, the development of the results of everyone to share, we must improve the development of ideas and models to enhance the development of fairness, effectiveness and synergy.
We must advocate hard work and frugality, and strive to forge ahead the social atmosphere, so that all the fruits of labor to be respected. We should focus on solving problems such as poverty, unemployment and widening income gap, and take care of the concerns of vulnerable people and promote social fairness and justice. To protect the ecological environment, promote economic, social and environmental development, to achieve harmony between man and nature, people and society. To implement the United Nations 2030 sustainable development agenda, to achieve a balanced development on a global scale.
1950 to 2016, China in its long-term development level and the people's living standards are not high, the cumulative external assistance to provide more than 4000 billion yuan, the implementation of various types of foreign aid projects more than 5000, of which nearly 3,000 sets of projects, held More than 11,000 training courses for the training of developing countries in China more than 260,000 staff. Since the reform and opening up, China has attracted more than 1.7 trillion US dollars of foreign investment, the cumulative foreign direct investment of more than 1.2 trillion US dollars for the world economic development has made tremendous contributions. Since the outbreak of the international financial crisis, China's economic growth contribution to the world's economic growth rate of more than 30%.
China's development is the world's opportunity, China is the beneficiaries of economic globalization, but also contributors. China's rapid economic growth, for the global economic stability and growth to provide a sustained and strong push. China's joint development of the same large number of countries, the global economic development more balanced. The great achievements of poverty reduction in China make global economic growth more inclusive. China's reform and opening up continues to promote, for the open world economic development has provided an important impetus.
The Chinese people are well aware of the hardships of the prosperity and prosperity of the country and the praise of the achievements made by the people of all countries. They all wish that their days will be better and will not commit "red eye" and will not complain about the development of others from China In the great opportunity and great returns. Chinese people open their arms to welcome the people of China to take the development of China's"Express","car".
- China will focus on improving the quality and efficiency of economic growth, around the supply side of the structural reform of the main line, change the mode of economic development, optimize the economic structure, and actively promote the production capacity, to inventory, to leverage, lower costs, The development of advanced manufacturing industry, the realization of the real economy to upgrade, in-depth implementation of the "Internet +" action plan to expand the effective demand, better meet the individual and diverse needs, better protection of the ecological environment.
- China will continue to stimulate growth momentum and market vitality, increase the important areas and key aspects of reform efforts, so that the market in the allocation of resources play a decisive role in the innovation of this "Niu Nil" to promote innovation-driven development strategy to promote strategic emerging Industrial development, pay attention to the use of new technologies to enhance the transformation of traditional industries, promote the development of new energy to grow, the traditional kinetic energy revitalized.
- China will actively create a relaxed and orderly investment environment, relax foreign investment access, build a high standard free trade pilot area, strengthen property rights protection, promote fair competition, so that the Chinese market is more transparent and more standardized. The next five years, China will import 8 trillion US dollars of goods, absorbing 600 billion US dollars of foreign investment, foreign investment will reach 750 billion US dollars, outbound tourism will reach 700 million people. This will provide the world with a broader market, more capital, richer products, more valuable cooperation opportunities. For the country's industrial and commercial sector, China's development is still an opportunity for everyone. China's door to the world is always open, will not close. Open the door, the world can enter China, China can also go to the world. We hope that the gates of all countries are also open to Chinese investors.
- China will vigorously build a common development of the opening to the outside world, to promote the Asia-Pacific Free Trade Area construction and regional comprehensive economic partnership agreement negotiations, to build a global free trade zone network. China has always advocated the construction of open and transparent, mutually beneficial and win-win regional free trade arrangements, rather than engage in exclusive, fragmented small circle. China does not intend to enhance the competitiveness of the trade through the devaluation of the renminbi, but will not take the initiative to play currency war.
For thousands of years China has spread its influence around the world.
Some of these influences are widely known, such as the use of printing, the wheel, the ink .... and even, something as simple as noodles. Many people believe that the noodles were invented in Italy due to their famous "pastas", but those are an ancient production of China. What we can say is that inventions from China were perfected or improved outside of China.
What I am working on, because of my Chinese roots, are about the non-tangible contributions of China, which Chinese people themselves are even unaware. In fact, China has had a major impact on some important theories created in the Western world. In another reply I have already mentioned those contributions from China that have not been recognized as Chinese in China nor anywhere.
A civilization of several centuries old, how could it not leave its influence in the rest of the world? What is happening is that these interrelationships are not really studied by the Chinese people themselves who, in fact, have denied and destroyed their culture and ancestral thinking, considering it disposable or out of modernity, nor has it been recognized by Western scholars . We will therefore make a systematic effort in this area.
You need to separate China from the Chinese; the two are very different things. This is something which virtually all westerners miss out on.
More often than not, Chinese leave China to get away from their own government, but retain their own culture and language. Being loyal to Chinese culture has nothing to do with political loyalty to China.
300M Chinese could leave China for good, and it would probably be good for China's economy, because it would lower domestic unemployment. At the same time, Chinese soft power and influence, through its language and culture, would be vastly expanded.
The perfect example for this is SE Asia, where Chinese have strong influence in the local economies of the region. While keeping cultural and business connections with China, they are citizens of the countries of their birth.
This kind of growth is likely to expand in the future.
It will take a similar trajectory to Japanese culture and influence in recent decades, both because of initial cultural similarity and China deliberately following a similar, proven development path and strategy. China is larger than Japan in absolute terms, but the non-China world it relates to will include India, Africa, etc., so in relative terms it will not be that different from the comparison of Japan vs. the developed world of Europe and North America.