Should India learn from China?
I have been working in China for over a year now and there are many observations that I have made. I will divide it in few categories for you to get a better understanding.
- Economic Development
- Roads and Highways - China has the world's largest network of Expressways. They have been planned and were constructed as 6–8 laned from the beginning itself. Also, one of the things I love about highways in China is that most of the times they are vertical as in they are constructed as long bridges, in Indian term just like a super long flyover. It is extremely smart since it doesn't require land acquisition (A major problem in India) and still fulfills the purpose and doesn't create a problem with the land owner.
- Housing - One thing I absolutely love about China is its strong will to accommodate every single person in it. No matter which city I go to, big or small, metro or normal, I always find super tall apartment buildings that are as high as 40–50 floors. Again, as in highways, going vertical than horizontal (As in India). These are luxurious apartment for rich class as well as lower income apartments. Accommodating the world's most powerful middle class is a daunting task in itself.
- Bullet Trains - Imagine this, in 2008 China didn't have High Speed Trains where as in 2012, it had the longest network of High Speed Trains in the world. Such magnanimous construction of bullet trains on a national level has never been thought of attempting than in China. These trains don't just carry people but has become an economic backbone of China. And yes, the train stations are giganticly massive and even the ones in some small cities are better than many Tier 2 cities' airports in India including Delhi Domestic Airport (T1D).
- Overall infrastructural development - If there is one reason of why China is, what it is today, the building block of that in Infrastructure. Once I went to Ningbo, a city famous of universities and about 3 hours away from Shanghai. It is not a metro city as such and not that famous/big too. But I was shocked while walking on the road with 16 lane highways and 20–30 floor buildings in each side. The view and architecture and the infrastructure of such a small city is incomparable with our Delhi and Mumbai. The amount of planning and money that have gone into it is evident by looking at it for a second.
- Living and Lifetsyle
- No Cash - One of the things I absolutely love about China is that if I don't have cash, I don't need to worry about anything. Imagine, if you could pay at a super market through whatsapp? That's what wechat does to you. BTW, I always say there are 2 gods in China. One is wechat (Chinese version of whatsapp) and second is Taobao (read more about it in the next point). I don't carry cash and always use wechat pay in taxis, super markets, cafes and so on.
- E-Commerce - China already has the biggest E-Commerce market on the planet. As I was talking about the 2nd God of China I.e. taobao, an online shopping website much like ebay, owned by Alibaba sells everything from a wife (YES!) to airplanes and even trains. In order to boost e-commerce, alibaba is investing into rural internet sector. People love to shop online in China and many of them wait for hours because there will be a sale post that wait.
- Health and Healthy - When I was working in India, I was considered a fit person. The moment I moved to China, I was the fattest person on my team. Chinese people have the highest standards possible for fitness and being healthy. There were many instances during my experience here when I would eat something sweet (say putting sugar in coffee or an ice-cream) and the people around me would make fun of me saying, this is not healthy and will make you have diabetes, etc. Their food is also made in such a way that it's healthy. No wonder I have lost 18 KGs in 1 years (from 88 to 70).
- Governed Internet - As much as people don't like to see it this way. As its famously known, Chinese Internet has firewall restrictions that doesn't allow people to use global internet content and has even banned websites like Google, Facebook, etc. I have always thought that having restricted Internet is better than having free internet due to many reasons as follows -
- Terrorism - You will be shocked to know this but there was a team when no one on my team knew about ISIS, at a time when it was all over the media because internet was governed and everything related to it was blocked by the government. It's a complete solution to all the problems that many countries face today.
- Local Version Creation - Yes, since global websites don't work that gives the economy a chance to create a local accustomed version. This in turn boosts job creation.
- Helps maintain positivity in people - Many a times, as an Indian I read articles and blogs about Indians hate India. About how everything is just not right and then a blame game begins. Another way of dealing with it is how Chinese do it, have a problem and then invite solutions from people, hire them and let them take it further.
- Food Timings - Breakfast Around 9. Lunch at 12–1. Dinner at 5–6. The best. No one eats anything after dinner as it's considered unhealthy. Everyone respects this time. It gives enough time to digest food and not like India where we eat and then sleep without any time for digesting food.
- People and their Characteritics
- Installation of ‘being proud' of my history - Chinese are taught to be proud of their history. They often consider their history as the oldest , which factually is wrong. But it's a famous saying in China that you are experiencing 5000 years of history and 30 years of continuous economic development, in China. The percentage of Chinese people knowing the names of each emperor who has ever ruled China will be atleast 50% more than India. When I was in the class 10th, I learnt French Revolution and more about international history but Chinese learn about themselves first.
- Efficiency of People and Commitment - I often say this. If an Indian takes 10 hours to accomplish a task, the same can be done in 3 hours by a Chinese. We, Indians, have had a lazy atmosphere to grow in. For example, need a tea every couple of hours for which we will take a break, and so on and so forth. You will be shocked to know that generally there are no work timings in China as they are in India. It always workS according to the tasks, if you finish early, leave early, if you finish late, leave later. Not like India, where you constantly keep looking at the watch, waiting for the time to end.
- Neutral Sentiments about India - You will be shocked to know this. Many times I asked people of what do they think of India. And most of the replies I get are ‘Growing Economy', ‘Buddhism'. Now, when I ask the same question in India, people say ‘enemy' ‘unreliable', etc. Sometimes I even asked them if they know about the current ongoing border disputes between India and China, or even about 1962 war. Shockingly, they don't.
- Government and Administration
- Effective Management - I will give you an example. Many times, I see some people who keep walking on the street with a picker and a box. They keep collecting the leaves dropped on the road for the trees above. They keep doing that throughout the day. Obviously, they work in the municipal department. Another example, I have been to 18 countries but I haven't seen a city as green as Beijing. It's remarkably true. Another example, the pollution system in Beijing. It's divided in 5 levels and the most extreme levels have implications that shut factories down and even declare a holiday. The fact is, that everyone follows it.
- Upliftment of all sections - China has the world's biggest middle class. Below that, even the lower class which lacks education, skills and lives in villages get employment opportunities like if there is a cloth manufacturing factory in the vicinity or the nearest city then the people in the village will be taught on how they can contribute to it in the easiest ways possible. So in such a case, they are taught ironing and then ultimately become employed. China has engaged everyone and every class of the society with its economic miracle.
- Business Environment
- Start up Environment - China has the highest number of start up incubators, VCs, Angel Investors in the world. Many of the incubators are managed by the government. The government is actively involved with it and the youth is increasingly getting diverted towards entrepreneurialism, much higher than India. Eg. All Chinese phone companies in India are start ups except few.
- Indigenousization - As explained earlier, when everything has a local version, it creates more employment opportunities for the economy and promotes innovation as people try to make it better and align it with local customs and tradition. For a country like India, it can generate a lot of employment. For example, Tata Indica (the first indigenous car made in India) had involved and engaged more people than any other car, primarily because others were simply made and sent to India where Indica was thoroughly researched project involving knocked down details of each aspect.
- Innovation- Chinese invest a lot of resources into Innovation. For eg, the problem with ever increasing screen sizes of smart phones was their batteries. Chinese came up with the concept of a power bank. Today, you will not find even a single power bank not made in China. Indians on the other side focus more on accomplishment than challenging the paradigms to innovate.
- SEZs- Shenzhen, One of the biggest SEZs in China is a role model for SEZ in the world. Every electronic product which is made in China will be made in Shenzhen, from a Samsung LED TV to a fake charging wire. And yes, everything is exported to all over the world through Hong Kong (A global financial hub) from Shenzhen. What a combination to learn from!
- Education System
- Live in Dormitories - One thing I absolutely love about Chinese education system is that it is mandatory for you to live in a dormitory while studying in the university. I have grown up in Delhi, living with my parents where everything was given to me in a plate. In India, A lot of of cities have ‘colleges' where you go in the morning and come back in the afternoon/evening. This teaches us education but not life, a very essential part of university education is missed out on. Compare that with Chinese, who would have to live in a university outside his/her parents cocoon where he/she would not just learn studies but also about how to live among others, how to live by yourself, how to manage your finances, etc etc. Since it is mandated in China, a Chinese graduate would score much higher than an Indian in terms of life's education over university education.
- Army Training - Army training is mandated in all state and federal universities in China. This is where they are taught to be proud of their history, of their legacy. Also, this training consists of Living in a forest for a week or 2 to live in an army lifestyle. By going through such an experience, a young person automatically becomes supportive of the army by looking at the everyday challenges they go through to protect their country. Imagine this in Chhattisgarh, for fighting Marxists? Or even Kashmir? I have met many Chinese people outside China and history always remains in their veins.
These were many experiences that I could think of. There are many more on the back of my mind.
In the end, China has a lot to learn from India And India has a lot to learn from China. The question is, how much are they willing to accept each other in order to learn from each other? Think about it.
Yes! Because there are many areas where we are weaker than them !
"China developed faster than India"
China used more concrete in three years than the USA did in 100 years of the 20th century
There are some things which India should learn from China. That is, to be strong, stubborn, determined and self-reliant.
- China is powerful enough to influence other countries to their benefit.
- China is successfully building CPEC in Indian disputed area.
- China has managed to keep Taiwan under control.
- China doesn't allow Tibet and Hong Kong independence.
- Chinese are successfully able to buy land in South Korea despite local resent.
- China is building infrastructure for many countries in Africa.
- China successfully manages to steal your girlfriend. (India-Nepal)
- China mentions Arunachal Pradesh, a state fully administered by India, in their official map with localized names, and India can't do anything about it.
- Despite having border issues with most of its neighbours, those countries aren't able to do anything to China.
- China has a strong army with modern equipments, enough to scare other nations.
- China doesn't care what others think of it and continues to focus on itself.
- China is not liked by many countries in the world, but that doesn't affect it in any way. It doesn't seek for love from other countries as it won't really benefit them.
- Western media likes to throw China in bad light, but again that doesn't really affect it. China doesn't seek validation and approval of the west.
- China has been accused of many human right violations, but no country is able to pressurize or influence it.
- Chinese are able to defend their nation by hook or crook. They support their nation in all times, and are able to justify their actions strongly.
- The Chinese government is able to keep certain communities under control, often forcing changes on them, but still no other country can dare to interfere.
- China gives more important to local products than foreign ones and can rely on itself for almost everything.
- Amazon - Alibaba
- Amazon Pay - AliPay
- Google Pay - WeChat Pay
- Google Search - Baidu Search
- Google Drive - Baidu Netdisk
- Facebook - Renren
- WhatsApp - WeChat
- Twitter - Weibo
- Line - QQ
- YouTube - Youku
- Dailymotion - Tenecent (QQ) Video
- Vimeo - Iqiyi
- Quora - Zhihu
- Apple - Xiaomi
- Samsung - OnePlus
- Pixel/Nexus - Oppo/Vivo
- HP - Lenovo
- And all Made in China products.
India should at least take some inspiration from China so that it can stay strong and unaffected by external forces.
Question: Should India learn from China?
Question detail: India was ahead of China in the 80's. And now China is ahead of even the US.
Answer: Sorry, I doubt if the Question detail is right. If you have any reference, please share it. Historical GDP of China - Wikipedia.
Here is a list of 10 things which We can learn from China.
The way China has evolved its transportation model is worth loads of praise. China's railway network is among the world's best, and bullet trains make it possible for the countrymen to commute long distances within a few hours. The public transport is way better than India's and air network is comprehensive unlike us.
9. Population control:
China owns the tag of most populous country in the world and India only finishes next to it giving it a close finish. Conversely, it would not take India a longer time to emerge as the country with most number of people. There are around 1.35 billion in China as compared to more than 1.2 billion in India presently. However, the way China has curbed the spiral rise of its population introducing various measures (one child norm, strict penalties, no citizenship to the third new born etc.) is worth teaching point or two to India.
Shanghai is the business capital of China and Beijing is the national capital. Those who have travelled to these cities would surely agree to a point that they were umpteen times better than Mumbai and Delhi respectively on the infrastructural and cleanliness index. Indians should take a leaf out of the book of Chinese nationals about how to keep country litter free and tidy.
The way China puts forward its point of view in front of the world is worth praising. It follows an aggressive posture in case the other nation is showcasing belligerent stance against it. As in the case of dispute with its neighbors (Philippines and Vietnam); China has been straight forward in putting across its viewpoint. This is what India needs to learn from China especially while dealing the turbulent relationship with Pakistan.
6. Education and research:
Despite the largest system in the world in terms of undergraduate (bachelor's) enrollment in the degree system, India lacks in quality education set up. The present situation of vocational education is poor in the country. While China enrolls around 96 lakh students in vocational courses we only enroll around 40 lakh. In addition, China spends around 2% of its GDP on research work where the number is only around 1% in case of India.
5. Health system:
China faced similar problems as India is facing at present for most part of its existence post independence. However, with execution of proper medical and insurance policies and improvement in the medical sector of the country China achieved what was termed as impossible by the Western powers. The medical insurance cover has been increased to 95.7 percent in 2012 from low 29.7 percent in 2003.
Chinese are famous the world over for their diplomatic acumen. The way they have augmented their stronghold over almost all the parts of South Asia shows how well they design their diplomatic policies. The recent rebuff Indian company GMR received at the hands of small island nation named Mauritius (on the backing of China) itself shows they exhibit no nonsense attitude on the diplomatic front.
3. Disciplined execution of policies:
India is good at churning out policies, but the way implementation is carried out is pathetic. A great number of loopholes are left intact in the national policies for the law breakers to make their way into. This has left our country into a banana republic and policies are a matter of making money than progressing nation forward. Whereas, the Chinese associate proper execution of national policies with overall development of the country. They attribute success of policies with increase in revenue that could further result in increase in per capita income of the country.
2. Manufacturing policies:
The way China is dominating the world order with its immaculate manufacturing power (low volume and low cost based) is just next to brilliant. The way it prepares and executes its manufacturing policies leaves a lot for India to learn from. The best part is that China offers huge incentives to the manufacturing companies in the country through the SEZ's and manufacturing rebates and this is what has made it a global manufacturing leader. The national manufacturing policies of India should be drafted keeping China in the backdrop because two decades ago, China too faced the same problems as we do at the moment.
1. Infrastructure development:
China is all set to take over US in a decade or less as the largest economy in the world. The main reason behind its spiraling growth rate is the magnificent and robust infrastructural set up it possesses. It is what led to its mercurial rise in the exports as ports, roads and railways tracks are of the top most class. On the other hand India is still battling with poor infrastructural set up despite investing crores since the time of independence. What India must learn from China on the foremost basis is that corruption is the root evil in almost all the nations in the world, but when it comes to infrastructure, we need proper development.
Every country or a political system has its own ups and downs.
There is always a room for improvement though.
Every time I think about China and India,I remember the time of 1970s, how the two economies used to be at par and how both had the same development rate. But, by the end of 1977,the graph changed.