No. Depending on how you define the question, there has only been one specific attempt to look for life itself (as opposed to evidence of past life) on surface of another planet, with a device sitting on that planet, and you can read about it here: Viking lander biological experiments NASA currently takes great care to avoid
I agree with Stephen. Logically, given what both parties favor, it would seem to be true that Democrats propose more laws. Republicans are in favor of less government, less regulations, less tying the hands of individuals and businesses. Look at Ted Cruz's tax plan
(Answer corrected: Original answer featured Andromeda as the nearest galaxy at the distance of 2.5 million light years. As it turns out, it's the nearest SPIRAL galaxy. )This is the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, interlocked with the Milky Way.