What are life hacks for saving water in India?

Water is a precious natural resource that is essential for human existence. Like other natural resources, its supply is limited. Therefore, it should be used in a judicious manner and best efforts should be made to conserve it. Here are a few practical tips that can be helpful for saving water in everyday life:

  1. Ideally, you should look for ways to save water in the kitchen because this is the part of the home which uses a large proportion daily. Use pressure cooking method instead of boiling. Wash fruits and vegetables in a container rather than placing them under a running tap. Make sure that your kitchen taps are closed tightly when not in use. Leaking taps should be repaired or replaced at the earliest.
  2. Similarly, you should avoid wastage in the bathroom too. Use a bucket instead of a shower for bathing. The taps should be monitored to keep a check on leakages. Turn off the taps when not using them.
  3. Install water-saving taps in your home. These taps ensure that there is no wastage and excess running of water.
  4. Use a mug instead of a hose to water the plants. This ensures that the plants are replenished with a lesser amount.
  5. Reuse of water is another smart idea for conserving it. For instance, water used for boiling rice can be reused for boiling vegetables. Later, it can be used for watering the plants in your garden.

You can conserve water by using these simple yet practical tips in your daily life. Not only will it reduce your bills but also make your home an eco-friendly place to live in.

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Before knowing life hacks you should read this story.

Bangalore's Rain-Catcher: The man who never paid for water

A.R. Shivakumar, senior fellow and principal investigator- RWH, Karnataka State Council for Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

Bangalore's entire population(urban and rural) has to depend on the Cauvery waters. Karnataka can draw only 682.5 million litres a day of Cauvery waters which it shares with Tamil Nadu. But the requirement for just Bangalore (urban and rural) is 1,400 million litres per day or 18 thousand million cubic feet (TMC).

To meet the 18 tmc limit Shivakumar says rain water harvesting is the only way.

He figured out a concept to save rain water for his house 19 years back.

He initially analyzed the amount of rainwater consumed by a family and found it to be matching with WHO norms. He figured out that he need 500 liters per day i.e., 1.825 lakh litres of water consumed every year.

Shivakumar dissected that his 40*60 plot consistently giving 2-2.5 lakh litres water consistently for 100 years. The plot got 2 lakh liters of water even in worst rain fall.

First, he built a roof tank with a 5,000 litre capacity. On the ground floor, he built another 5,000 litre capcity tank, which catches most of the rain water – no other tank catches rain water as this tank. On his portico, he built the biggest tank of 25,000 litre capacity, and then building his garage two-and-a-half feet above ground level, he built another 10,000 litre tank.

Each tank has a pop-up filter, which Shivakumar has a patent for. It is marketed as the Rain Tap Pop-up filter in Gujarat. This filter removes all the mud, muck and other particles from rain water. The overflow from the tank goes to the portico tank, which ultimately sends it to the garage tank. The garage tank is the only tank that uses electricity to pump water to the roof tank.

He sets an example in a time where we feel there's a shortage of water and he ends up collecting more than enough of water for his total years use.

Coming to the life hacks. Below are some of the basic hacks to save.

  1. Use a bucket for taking a bath rather than enjoying showers. Also, when you shower, make sure you don't do it for more than 5 minutes. Doing that can save you up to 1000 gallons of water per month, too big a quantity to ignore.
  2. Turning off the water while brushing teeth can save up to 50 gallons a week.
  3. Turn off running water whenever you can, even while walking on a road. This wouldsave water, and inspire others to do the same.
  4. Use bucket to water your plants and not hosepipes. This would save more water than you can imagine.

Earth surface covers 71% of water but 96.5% of it are salt water. So in this big planet, you have very less water for daily use. Water is considered to be a scarce resource and we have states and people fighting for water also a place where there are drought conditions. So using the water more efficiently and productively is very important. If you are looking for ways to save water, in this post, we have covered some ways to conserve water.

In many places in urban areas, there is no water shortage and people do not have control over their use of water. They should understand the importance of using it. You should understand the fact that use more water also leads to more electricity consumption.

When we know that water is such an important resource we should be opting for techniques to save water and preserve them for our and future use.

There are many simple habits which help you to preserve the water that inculcated in our day to day life and activities such as washing utensils, washing clothes, brushing teeth, gardening and many other activities.

Clean water scarcity has become one of the big problems in India and other countries all over the world affecting people's lives in many ways. This big problem cannot be solved alone or only a group of some people, it is the problem which needs global efforts of people together.

Bengaluru's water loss is the second highest among Indian metros: Kolkata leads at 50%. The wastage figure for Mumbai is 18%, New Delhi, 26% and Chennai, 20%. Across the world, cities lose only about 15 to 20% of their supply, said the ISEC study, which pegged Bengaluru's losses at 48 per cent three years ago.

Commercial and institutional buildings use a large portion of cauvery supplied water in the Karnataka State. With so many businesses making up the commercial and institutional sector, there are great opportunities to conserve water.

Water helps in the continuity of life cycle on the earth as an exception in the whole universe as earth is only known planet having water and life. Water is our need throughout the life so only we are responsible to save it.

At Jayalakshmi Group, we believe in conserving & protecting nature, hence we go an extra mile to ensure there is maximum efforts put in saving it. We are very serious about it, and let us share a list of water treatments we do at all our ventures:

• Natural water harvesting system, like

• Rain water harvesting system

• Storm water drains

The water harvested using the given above natural system are directed towards storage tanks which consists of Bio-degrable Media filters that allow the water to flow through them filtering solid particles, dirt, debris & other contaminents. The water is further treated for Parasites, Bacteria & Virus by dissolving Ozone. This sterilized clean water is mixed with the fresh water &, passed through the Pre-Processing stage.

• Preprocessing Plant - In this stage, the cleaning process is as follows:

• Iron Removal

In this stage, the Shallow Hand Pump can remove metals and chemical contamination. The Plant is furnished with adsorptive channels to trap iron & other contaminants.

• Water Softening

Water softening is used for the removal of the ions that cause the water to be hard, in most cases calcium and magnesium ions. Iron ions may also be removed during softening.

• ACF (Activated Carbon filtration)

Active charcoal carbon filters are used to removing chlorine, sediment, organic compounds (VOCs), taste and odor from water.

The water collected is passed through this treatment plant before storing into the underground tank.

In case, there is shortage of cauvery water supply from the water board, we can very well use the borewell. In such case, the treatment can treat the borewell water as well. Hence, multiple water sources can also purified for purification.

This treated water makes it easy for purification on the RO systems which can be used for drinking, or chilled water systems used for internal plumbing pipes, other systems that use water for daily purpose. These efforts help in longer life of the system, reduces maintenance cost & operational costs.

Post Processing stage:

• Sewage treatment plant - This plant comprises of two stages-

• The submerged aerated filter (SAF)

The system uses compartmentalized settling tank to clarify the solids that slough from the filter rather than using back-washing. The plant has a 1-4m deep bed of filter media on which it grows biomass. The aerators are positioned at the base of alternate vertical columns of medium to promote the rising and falling columns of wastewater.

• Suspended media filters

The Wastewater passing through the SAF is then subjected to flow by gravity over the Media Filters. Granular media like sand, anthracite or activated carbon in combination as the filter media. The process helps remove fine suspended Solids from water.

The treatment plants is built & maintained with ISO standards.

The resulting treated water is reused for purposes such as gardening and cleaning. And the Solid waste is sent to Waste treatment plants, along with the other waste gathered at our site.

These efforts at our premises ensures that every drop of water is utilized without any wastage. We believe that its every organization responsibility to follow the prescribed treatment methods, that can give rise to sustainable and healthier environment.

The above is just a glimpse of efforts we put in, to save water as a Commercial Building. Hope this helps!

The best thing is
1.Implementing rain water harvesting in all the private properties and commercial buildings.
2.Connecting the hand wash drain out to de flush system
3.Recycling the water and using it for gardening (In commercial buildings)
4.Using undrinkable water to wash your vehicles, cleaning the floor or directing to the rain water harvesting system.
1) Close the tap, while brushing!!
2) R.O water!!
These days the trend is lots of houses today use RO water for drinking. Let me share a fact, nearly 60-70% of water is wasted in this process. That is for every 1 litre of water fee to RO system, you get only 300-400ml of drinking water. Generally, I have seen this waste water is diverted to drainage pipes.

We can use this water for mopping, waterring plants, which also requires lots of water. The inhibition people have is that this is waste water, we should not use it. But in real terms, it is just a bit harder, though not good to drink, but definitely good for mopping.
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