What did the Aryans introduce to India?
This theory of Aryan Invasion was imposed upon India after the arrival of British and then emphasized by Max Mueller. Refer to second chapter in the Gita and look for the word Arya for example. Do some research regarding Krishna's time period and some carbon dating from the under water sea excavation near Dwaraka. Once you know that even before 3102 BC that Aryans have been present then perhaps you will get a better idea. Of course some of our fanatic Tamilian friends will keep harping and whining about Tamil vs. Sanskrit but we can agree to disagree and still co-exist peacefully.
So your question itself assumes a pre-supposition which doesn't merit an answer.
It's not like Aryans introduce India. The name India came when British come to India. Aryans are known as people who live in northern India. Yes, you can say that , the glorified India. India or Hindustan or Bharat, whatever you say, it's not founded by single person or community.
Whether Aryans existed as a race of people is debatable and there is no consensus.
The Aryan Invasion theory was rooted in the British imperial scholarship as a justification of their rule of the Indian people. While some has even proposed Migration, yet it is not convincing.
The Out of India Theory finds backing with the Rightwing and is rooted in a desire for indigenization of every part of our heritage.
A neutral view is not possible and there is a lack of sufficient evidence that tilts the debate either way. Therefore, I don't know whether Aryans introduced anything in India or not.
Since the ancient Vedic era, India has received an honour of being, called Aryavarat ‘आर्यावर्त' (where the Arya inhabit). Those who were devoted to one God and following the system of attaining the essence of the Supreme Divine were known as the Arya and their population was very large at this holy place. While taking avowal during the religious Ceremonies there was and there is even today, a tradition to say ‘Jambudwipe Bharatkhande Aryävartik Ksheträngate' (जम्बुद्विपे भरतखंडे आर्यावर्तैक क्षेत्रान्तर्गते), but later the European communities invading India; had under the ‘Divide and Rule' spread false belief that the fair Complexioned foreigners who had entered in India were the Aryans who pushed away the original inhabitants of this land who were dark complexioned, deep down in the south. Taking a cue form such beliefs some people began to say that since the Aryans are hence, foreigners therefore they should get out of this country. The original inhabitants of this country are, according the people of such belief, the dravids, the butchers, backward classes and oppressed communities. Under such venomously polluted social atmosphere, whom should we recognise as the Arya?
Presently, confusions prevails in India as to from where did the Aryans arrive? The fact is the Aryan spirit does not come from anywhere nor goes anywhere. Anybody from you can become an Arya. It is worth
remembering that the British who came to India created this question. Before them in the period of Mughal rule and the Rajput rule nobody had ever imagined about such questions, no one ever imagined about such questions then. The historians of that period too, did not raise this question, as to where did the Aryans come from?
Lord McCauley's statement is very much significant. He had said, "If any country or community is to be enslaved forever, her language, history and culture must be destroyed." As a result of such philosophy, the people are asking a question today, as to where did the Arya come from? This cunning scheme was perpetrated by an Italian businessman, Phillippo, who had been visiting India for five years from 1583 to 1588 AD. He proclaimed that the ancient language of India Sanskrit and some languages of Europe were certainly related with each other. Such relationship among the languages was attributable to the fact that the ancestors of the Arya also had come from Europe. Basically, they both belonged to the same clan of family.Collectively, Sir William Jones provided impetus to this philosophy when in 1784, at the time of establishment of Asiatic Society of Bengal, he indicated that Greek, Latin, Gothic, Sanskrit and Persian languages have been originated from one place and the learned philosopher gave it a name – Indo-European or Indo-German language group. His address to the assembly provided a new direction to the intelligentsia then. As a result, in determination of communities the languages became an important measuring tool. The famous German scholar Max Mueller, who was appointed as a professor of language science in the Oxford University in 1850 AD said that, the word Arya does not denote a community but indicates towards a language, and when we use the word to indicate a community, it means such community, which makes use of Arya language.
Dr. Giles thought that the original dwelling of the Aryans could have been the plains of Austria, Hungary or the valleys of the river Danube, because the Aryans reared horses, cows, sheep, goats, cattle and did farming. The land suitable for grazing and agriculture was available there. On the basis of such facilities, Perkins indicated possibilities that, the original homeland of the Aryans could have been the Southern plains of Russia; whereas some scholars tried to demarcate the region between Poland and Caspian Sea as the homeland of the Aryans. Edward Meyer thought that the origin of the Aryans could be traced to the plains of Caucasus or Pamir mountains. It is because during excavations carried out at El Amarna located in this region, a chariot was dug out said to belong to the Aryans. Besides, a silver birch leaf (Bhojpatra) was found tied to its yoke, which were growing on the Caucasian hills. Hence, perhaps the Aryans lived here.
Certain archaeological excavations have been carried out at a place called Bogaz in Turkey. Some coins bearing the names of Varun, Mitra, Indra and such deities as well as numbers like one, three, five, seven,
etc. are found. Since, Max Muller found identical names of the deities he indicated a possibility of Central Asia as the homeland of the Aryans.
Certain scholars are of the opinion that golden hair was a unique feature of the people of Bharopean communities, which was supposed to have lived in the German region. It is believed that the Greek god Apollo had golden hair. Even the hairs of the Roman rulers were golden. According to the famous grammarian Patanjali, the hairs of Brahmins of India were golden; hence, it would be proper to believe Germany as the place of origin of the Aryans.
According to the researchers of the origin of the Aryans, when the Aryans observed the unique characteristics of Air, Sun, Thunderbolt, Moon, Fire, etc. natural elements and their tremendous power, out of awe and fear accepted them as the deities. Due to this reason there are many gods and goddesses in India. The pioneers of the Indus Valley civilisations were called Anarya who were the original inhabitants of this region. Due to their prolonged proximity the Aryan and non-Aryan (अनार्य) communities had opportunity to exchange number of ideas and viewpoints. The religious philosophy the system of worshipping and superstitions as well as tricks of black magic etc. gradually impressed the minds of the Aryans. Against their better judgment the Aryans could not remain unaffected by the non-Aryan culture. The fourth Veda created by them – i.e. Atharva Veda contained great many Mantra and learning system of the Mantra of black magic, controlling ghosts and spirits. It seems that due to that cultural intercourse, the Aryan philosophers were sufficiently impressed by the system of asceticism of the non-Aryan communities and in the Brahmin period itself the Aryans were attracted by the system of penance and asceticism. As a result, many Aryan philosophers and Scholars began to live the life of ascetics in the ashrams and wrote Brahmin scriptures.
From above one would deduce that the Aryans were idiots and uncultured and only after they came to the Indus Valley they were civilised. They learnt the tricks of black magic, philosophy of asceticism etc. from
the non-Aryan communities. It looks like it is an effort to create inferiority complex by destroying that culture. Whatever castes were described by modern scholars such as, Anarya (non-Aryan) these days are all
backward. Having learnt all the good things and systems the Aryan became highly cultured and the Anarya forgot their most beneficial traditions in such a manner that they cannot learn even if it is taught to them. They were also fearful that if the Anarya were made to follow their traditions, the Shoodra too would accept renunciation. The western scholars wanted to show that not only idiots, the Aryans were cowards who were afraid of insignificant natural powers and believed them to be deities out of sheer fear or they were not aware of the true nature of natural elements. There is hardly any need to say that, the way the Western scholars have characterised the Aryans, was the product of complexes and kinked mentality.
To summarise, some of the western philosophers and scholars while deciding about the origin of the Aryans on various basis, such as, languages, archaeological findings, tree, plants, animals or lifestyle, arrived
at conclusion that the Aryans hailed from Asia Minor, Syria or Turkey or Austria, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Ukraine (Russia) etc. countries and came to India. Those scholars even took resort to biological science
to arrive at some conclusions about the origin of the Aryans. This way, out of around over twenty-five or so theories are quite popular. But those people who lived the lives of the Aryans, those who were 'Aryan' they also must have explained the purpose of the word ‘Arya', must have presented an introduction of the Aryan
essence, the meaning of the term ‘Arya'. None of the western scholars have taken cognisance of the
meaning or spirit of the word ‘Arya' as has been used by Bhagwan Shri Krishna, Bhagwan Mahavir, Bhagwan Buddha in their discourses or by the sage Valmiki in the Ramayana, or in the Mahabharat by the sage Vyas etc. scriptures. The western scholars have not used any excerpt from the thoughts expressed by those ancient sages.
According to Bhagwan Shri Krishna, one who is ardently devoted in the contemplation of one Supreme Divine is the Arya. One who steadfastly treads the path of virtuosity is the Arya. In the beginning of Mahabharat battle, believing protection of the family or clan as his Dharma was greatly disturbed. Scolding him Shri Krishna addressed him as ‘Anarya Arjun' and reprimanded him asking where did he learn such behaviour befitting to the non-Aryans (Anarya)? Behaviour or an action that did not befit an Arya or that did not enhance glory or cause good of the doer was not in accordance with the Aryan system but an absolute ignorance. The soul is eternal. One who is set out in the search of the essence of the soul is, the Arya.
According to Bhagwan Krishna who also corroborates the same view that despite on the verge of death one who pursues the essence of the eternity or immortality is called an Arya. Despite under the spell of despair and sorrow one who is in search of the eternal happiness is called an Arya. This is, perhaps the most severe test of the spirit of Aryanism but from where it begins is the lowest limit of the chain of virtuous actions of
Aryan system and following them devoutly if the Aryan culture.
Reference to the Aryan culture could be found abundantly from the beginning to the end in the Ramayan written by the sage Valmiki. Watching Kumbhakarana advancing in the battlefield when the army of
Ram ran backward to save life the prince Angad encouraged his soldiers by calling them saying, "Brave soldiers, our ancestors had fought great battles in the past. Either they had won the battles or laid their lives fighting but never ever they turned their backs to the enemies. We are the children of those great Aryans. If we turn our backs to the enemy today, we would be termed Anarya. Turn around; come back! Don't lose your honour. Even at the peril of our lives, either we will defeat our enemy or shall die in the battlefield." The soldiers returned. That was the instance of the Aryan culture. An Arya never shows his back.
In the Panchavati, hearing the call of help in the voice mimicked by the golden deer, when Laxman did not attempt to go for helping his brother, rebuking him Seeta said, "Cunning Anarya Laxman, I hate you. At the
instance of Bharat you followed Ram putting an act of devotion, but on the back of your mind, you had been thinking of getting me when Ram fell into trouble." At such bitter words Laxman lost his patience and at last, set out in search of his brother, Ram. This is an instance of the Aryan culture. An Arya does never belittle his character.
Ram was an Arya. The ancient poets have referred to him with the word ‘Arya'. In the Hindu literature, the pioneer of the legends of Ram, Saint Tulsidas has referred to Ram as ‘Arya' at many places in the Ram
Charit Manas. Looking at the beauty of Seeta when the feelings of Ram had changed and he was attracted towards her. But innocently he revealed his feelings to his younger brother, Laxman, "Only the destiny would
know the reason of the feelings erupting in my mind, although, I have complete faith upon my mind and forgetting about that, I have never ever ventured to act in wicked manner. This is the natural disposition of the
Similar definition of the word ‘Arya' is given by Bhgawan Mahavir. In accordance with him a man who is of simple disposition, has uncomplicated way of speaking virtuous behaviour and is free of cunningness and also who does not hide his shortcomings as well as whose viewpoint is the same in considering all aspects of the life in equal manner is an Arya. He is a pure Arya. One who is complicated by temperament, wicked through speech and action, cunning has dirty outlook is an Anarya. An Arya is a viewpoint, dedication, a spiritual state and not a community. One of your own brothers could become an Arya nurturing virtuous qualities of Aryanism, whereas other could deviate from it and become an Anarya.
The attitude and behaviour of the Aryans reflect ideals of compassionate disposition among brethren, friendliness, hospitality and integrity in dealing within men and women. They are benevolent towards their
neighbours. Those who have imbibed the qualities of the Aryans serve the parents and Guru, sick and aged, selflessly share unhappiness with others and act in benevolent manner. Such is the lifestyle of the men
who have imbibed virtuousness of the Aryans.
Inspired by the benevolence of every being of the world our ancestors had avowed to make the whole world completely Arya. For this reason the perceivers of the truth spread in the entire world. Wherever they went, they learnt the local language and through its medium have discourse about the divine path of the Supreme Being in the system of Aryan culture.
It is only because of this reason that traces of Sanskrit language and archaeological remainders and ruins of Indian civilisation are found the world over and it is not true that we found some words or some thing
elsewhere and brought them here. The people just don't think so much the Arya brought along a whole Sanskrit language with them and left only a few words behind! They brought along the Vedas and left nothing
for the families left behind, because only the traces of language were found in the foreign countries and not the Vedas, history and even lifestyle.
The Indian mandarins woke up the sleeping souls and enabled them to acquire a place in the divine realm of the Supreme Being but they never took interest in accumulation of the material wealth. Because upon receiving the Aryan teachings even a child would know as to what is truth and what is false. Such experience is, of every person who has imbibed the virtues of the Aryan culture, but according to Bhagwan Shri Krishna only the soul is the ultimate truth. The perfect process of realizing that is the Arya Dharma. This is the pinnacle of the Aryan spirit and its purest form. Until an experienced spiritual teacher is not received the teaching of the Aryan spirit does not get completed.
What is shocking is, since the time of William Jones or for the last two hundred years this falsely imagined theory is being taught in the schools and the students are blatantly being misguided about the origin of the Arya. But why did the researchers did not take cognisance of the fact that from the Vedic Era to the Buddhist times, that the torch-bearers of the Aryan culture were going places the world over and spreading the message of the Aryan philosophy (कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम). It is not that they would not have noticed it but perhaps it did not vested their further interests or was opposite to their scheming purposes, hence, they did not give recognition to the research projects and thus they turned a Nelson's eye to the truth. Therefore, you have forgotten forever that the Arya comes or goes from somewhere. This word denotes spiritual pursuit and not a language or a community. Giving rest to this controversy it is better to seek the refuge of some enlightened sage to learn the qualities of Aryan philosophy. Every human being is merely a single entity of this world. Troubled by the beatings of the nature when anybody sets out in search of the essence of the Aryan spirit, he would traverse his path from death to immortality, anguish and pain to pure happiness.
Our ancient scriptures have used these two words – Arya and Anarya– quite extensively. According to Valmiki Ramayan the North Indians, South Indians, family of Sugriv, the communities called Monkey or Bears were all Arya. Ravan was considered to be an Anarya whereas in his contrast, his ancestors, Pulatsya, Vishrava and his brother Vibhishan were better Arya.
The thoughts of Bhagwan Budha on Arya and Anarya are included in the Paashrashi Sutta of Majjhim Nikay (मज्झिम निकाय). He had explained, "Disciples, in this world there are two kinds of explorations – Arya as well as Anarya. The Anarya explorations deal with the mundane nature of mortal life. Under its influence a man invites troubles related with the old age, death, illness and unhappiness despite having known that such afflictions are going to affect him during the lifetime. The children and wife are subjected to mortality. All the material wealth contains gold-silver and all the other things of material consumption in the universe are mortal. And when a man, being a mortal entity himself searches for other mortal things under the influence of delusions and bewitchment that is the Anarya search.
But disciples, some people having realised their mortal nature, explore something that is immortal and superior, ensuring emancipation. Such exploration is, in true sense, the Aryan search.
It is clear from this, that, the Arya is a spiritual path, a bent of mind and a definite direction. One of your brothers could be an Arya and the other could be an Anarya. Besides, a person could be Arya or Anarya at
some points of time in his or her life. One could be an atheist or a theist at times. One who is worshipper of that supreme Being is a theist or an-Arya. The process of attaining the Supreme Divine with utmost devotion and dedication is known as the Arya search. Opposite to that one who craves for the mortal, temporal bodies, which are subject to death or devastation is an Anarya. The great sages have at times, regarded this
as Vidya or Avidya (knowledge or ignorance). Whereas some others have termed these as internal or external perceptions, or even divine or devilish properties. This is the name of a kind of temperament or attitude. An act of search for the truth is Arya. The search for falsehood is, Anarya. That is why, the whole world is Arya and the whole world is Anarya. It is written in the Veda, ‘Krinvantu Vishwamaram' (कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम) philosophy – meaning make the entire world the Arya. Hence, the Aryans are made and none is Arya by birth or a place.
Including the most ancient scriptures of the world, the Vedas and even Gautam Buddha – everybody has recognised the intention of being an Arya was an idealistic act, a qualitative act and not a community that had come from outside India. In those days the population of the people in search of the Supreme Divine was a large number, hence at some point of time India was known as the Aryavarta. The majority of the population was devoted to one Supreme Divine, and it was committed on sensual and mental restraint; the lifestyle, food habits, dressing, ceremonies of marriage and other social regulations of those people were ideally cultured, that is why, it came to be known as the Aryan culture; however the present day Indians have no control over the basic attitude of the erstwhile Aryans. But that belongs to the entire world
populace. If a Christian is in pursuit of spiritual search of the Supreme Divine that reflects eternal life, such a person could be termed as an Arya and nothing else. Even a Muslim (like a Sufi saint) who strives devoutly to attain realisation of one Supreme Divine would be considered pursuing the Arya search and termed as an Arya. The main identification of the Aryan spirit is not reflected by lifestyles, dressing style, food habits or social customs but it is spiritual pursuit. A human being can pursue the spiritual path to fathom the distance up to the realm of the Supreme Divine. Attainment of the eternal essence is the aim of the Arya, otherwise, a person is Anarya. Those who act upon the spiritual path have been recognised as the Arya. The meaning of the Arya is not that a person belongs to any institution or a social order, but who is a theist. The Aryan spirit is a spiritual state of a seeker.
From the book :
Shanka samadhan (शंका समाधान)
Destruction and devastations. After invading India they discovered that dravids are far more ahead of Aryans in every field. They themselves started to learn from dravids.
don't become a laughing stock by talking about ‘Aryan invasion theory'. You can talk about that if you are looking for a job with JNU, AMU, Harvard, columbia, CPI(M), Trinamool Congress, DMK, AIMIM, etc..