Why did India not have a Reconquista like Spain did?Firstly, it is important to understand the historiography behind the Reconquista in Iberia. Although there was a sense among many Christians that they were liberation their peninsula, there was no conscious idea of a Reconquista at that time although everyone recognized the obvious distinction between the Christian and Muslim kingdoms of the peninsula. Contemporary kings in Castille, Aragon, Portugal and other Iberian kingdoms were primarily concerned with expanding their kingdoms, mainly at the expense of their neighbors, like kings in general. That this impacted Muslim kingdoms more than Christian ones is because the Christian kingdoms had some blood and civilizational ties that made them less likely to prey on each other. However, even some Iberian Christian kingdoms vanished like Leon. Of course there was a crusading spirit as well among the Christian kings but there was no sense or conscious plan of Reconquista. This idea was popularized anachronistically by later historians.
In this context, we can understand India as well. Compared to Christianity, Hinduism is decentralized and varies widely. It is unlikely that all the Hindu kings could or would come to an agreement for a Reconquista. Many would make and break alliances with local Muslim rulers as per their convenience. A stronger Hindu identity began to develop during this period as a result of Islamic rule as well. In addition to the amorphous nature of Hinduism and its lack of a sharp, centralized, crusading focus like Christianity, India's Hindu and Muslim kingdoms were not geographically concentrated making it hard to put up a total front and advance in one direction like in Iberia. India is a large peninsula that geographically and historically is more analogous to Europe in terms of size and cultural diversity than it is to Iberia.
It is important to understand however that individual Indian kingdoms did take the initiative, when possible, to stop and roll back Islamic rule either through the natural process of expanding their kingdoms or consciously doing so in order to bring territory under Hindu rule. For example, during the Tughluq Period of the Delhi Sultanate, the Sultanate had conquered much of the Deccan all the way down to Madurai (Tamil Nadu). After he rise of Vijayanagara, the Sultanate of Madurai became isolated from the rest of the Muslim states and was soon conquered by Vijayanagara which basically ended Muslim rule in the southern Deccan. In a way, this can be anachronistically considered a "reconquista" of Southern India. Anyhow, other states like the Marathas and Sikhs also reduced Muslim land in India. Actually by 1800, due to the combined actions and territories of the Marathas, Mysore (then reverted back to Hindu rule after the fall of Tipu Sultan), the Sikh Empire, the Gorkhas, Assam, and various Rajput states, much of the subcontinent was actually under non-Muslim ruler for the first time in centuries.
A vry sharp n thoughtful query i must admire it first. Well, to sum up in few words i would say the DNA, the genes of our hindu religion. Remember the grt ASHOKA conquered everything and than gave it up in d end n became buddhist monk. We hindus never take a pride for our religion thats d bitter reality. If we would nt hv been that way noone could dare to invade india specially those mothefucker lizard eatter, camel piss drinker, bloody asshole mohammadeans conaidering the size and strength of our country, bit they did and wt did we do in reaponse we hv diatributed afghan, pak n bangla to them. We dont dare to say that ther shd b one hindu country on the heart of this world and india will b so. Bt wt we r doing? Secularism fucked the hell out of us
It did, when the Maratha Confederacy managed to conquer from South India to Punjab. The Marathas were generally much more tolerant than the Christian Spanish crusaders, but their conquest led to a resurgence of Hinduism, and they built many temples and shrines along the way. Shivaji, the founder of the empire, wrote a letter to the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, about his desire to establish Hindavi Swarajya, or Hindu self-rule, free of Mughal or Muslim domination.