Why does my dog lick my other dog's face?

I think it can mean several things, I have 3 dogs 1 older male who is 11, a younger female who is 3, and a newer puppy who is 11 months.

The 3 year old plays with the puppy all the time and sometimes the puppy gets to rough, when that happens the 3 year old will get angry and give a serous growl and put her mouth around the puppies muzzle, in turn the puppy will get scared, but then the 3 year old will lick her face and it all of a sudden the tension will break and there back to playing, this seems to be a reassuring action to tell the other dog that everything is OK now and im not still angry.

The older dog is a big 90 pound black lab chow mix, he doesn't like other males sniffing him he isn't aggressive but he carry's himself like a Alpha, when new younger dogs are introduced to him they always run up to him and he will give a low growl and in turn they will lick his mouth and face, even once the younger dogs get old they seem to remember that he is in charge and when they meet again they will lick his mouth in greeting, I think this sign to show the dominant dog that they are no threat and are submitting to his dominance


Is running for mid distance (3-5km) really detrimental for muscle growth?

That's a very good question, but it is a bit hard to answer it without more context. If you run 3–5km every day and don't do any resistance training then you will certainly not gain muscle. If, on the other hand, you do lift heavy weights and run moderately every once in

Would it be possible for the stars (S-1 to S-13) that orbit the Sagittarius A* Black Hole to have their own planetary systems the same as our own Sun but be stable in an orbit so not be destroyed?

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The average American dieter makes 4–6 dieting attempts per year. Clearly that means the first... and second... and third attempt weren't successful. It's a vicious circle of De-motivation that leaves many feeling like they cannot succeed without superhuman tenacity.Maybe you