Can scientists make humans smarter in the future?

For the next 100 years, nothing useful.There are many nootropic substances already sold which improve cognitive skills. The nootropics community is now also doing genetic testing at companies like 23andme to find out what substances will suit them best.There was a scientific announcement that a company is trying to improve IQ, and humans

How to compare and contrast the way that theory is used among lay people and scientists? How does or doesn't evolution fit for the definition of a scientific theory

To paraphrase an earlier answer, a scientific theory is an extensive explanation developed from well-documented and reproducible sets of data derived from experiments, which repeatedly observe natural processes. When referring to a scientific theory, one is talking about a system of ideas that explains something, something based on general principles that are independent

How far should governments exercise control over scientific development?

Thanks for the A2A.I think it's simple. Don't make special laws for science. Just use the existing laws on the books.Clearly experimenting on an unwilling subject, or taking the life of a willing subject are violations of existing laws.Polluting an environment, releasing some toxin, biological or otherwise, into the atmosphere or society are violations of existing laws.We make

Scientific Research: What is the most frustrating thing about being a scientist?

I would say, people not listening to you. This plays out on many scales. First, the public doesn't listen, or at least they hear the wrong things. Second, ideas move science forward so it is always frustrating when you feel like people are ignoring your

What are some common misconceptions about university professors?

Some of the answers given below are good, and the picture is very amusing and not far from the truth.I'm lucky to be a professor. I have an enjoyable job, I get to research things which interest me, and I

What are the common misconceptions about supercomputers?

This question has gone weeks without any answers, so I'll try my hand.There does seem to be some misconceptions about supercomputers. I will list them and do my best at explaining.Supercomputer is

What are the most fascinating things researchers and scientists are working on?

Vikas Solanki has covered three of the biggest research programs and/or directions that society is currently pursuing. Here are some others that I find interesting:Adiabatic Quantum Computing and Quantum InformationQuantum computers can provide significant algorithmic speedups; for instance, Grover's algorithm [1] gives a way to sort a size [math]n[/math] list in [math]\mathcal{O}(\sqrt{n})[/math]

What frustrates scientists and researchers the most?

Researchers are in 'research' because they are driven to push forward our knowledge and understanding of their chosen field. Anything that gets in the way of that on a day to day basis is generally frustrating. this includes the following: Dealing

What is the best way to read scientific papers?

One skill that I've learned after a year in grad school is how to effectively read research papers. Previously I had found them impenetrable, but now I find them a great source of information about cutting-edge science while it is

Can someone learn some animal language?

We're far from understanding animal communication completely as of now, but I'd like to be optimistic and say "Yes".It also depends on what you'd call 'learning'. Some African hunting tribes can imitate deer calls to attract them. They know that the deer will be attracted, but they don't know why. If a putty monkey

Does running to music make you run faster?

There have been a number of studies on the relationship between music and exercise dating back until at least 1911 when Leonard Ayres found that cyclists pedaled faster while music was playing than when it was silent.Over 100 years later, in 2012, another

How can any scientist claim a scientific theory of psychology to be true when there will always be an individual who doesn't fit the theory?

I don't think that's right, OP. Sorry.I doubt scientists are claiming there is even is a Theory of Psychology. What they have is a well-documented body of work that goes back with decades of research and study that provides them a basis for assessing human mentality based on physical attributes

How do scientific theories form?

Scientific theory is that generally accepted explanation of some situation, supported by empirical research that has been duplicated and subjected to adequate peer review. Such theories are periodically revised based on new information. Excerpt from: SCIENTIFIC METHOD/PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, D. Robb In defining the

How to define consciousness scientifically

Consciousness is the act of paying attention to some mental event. Attention is a current of electrical energy conducted on nerve fibers beginning in the brain stem (see reticular formation) where attention arousal occurs, connected to the other brain structures where those mental event take place: thoughts,

How right are the scientific terms and principles used in the TV series The Big Bang Theory?

I recall one that was wrong:Howard Wolowitz: [after everyone cheers for him and his team design going to space] It gets better! Someone has to go up with the telescope as a payload specialist, and guess who that someone is! Sheldon Cooper: Mohammed Lee. [everyone's looking confused]Howard Wolowitz: Who's Mohammed Lee?

If two scientific theories contradict each other (example, the Steady State and Big Bang theories) and both theories are scientific fact, How can both theories be correct?

If they are theories, they aren't fact.Fact : things that are definitively, scientifically proven.Theories : LITERALLY everything else.It is important to understand this if you are going to talk about science, because that is what causes a lot of confusion in the world.If something is a theory, it means there is a lot of evidence to suggest

Is a scientific theory an irrefutable fact?

Much of philosophy of science exists to understand why there don't appear to be any irrefutable facts (and if there are any, we don't have any infallible methods for identifying them).One way of dealing with this is admitting that all knowledge it tentative and subject to revision, while understanding that some knowledge is far more

Is there scientific proof fermented foods are actually good for us?

Yes and No. There's scientific evidence that fermented foods do nothing at all for you if you are healthy. If you have healthy gut flora, then the probiotics in the fermented food contribute very little or are outcompeted by your current gut flora. On the other hand, good bacteria can be wiped out

Is there such thing as a scientific fact? Or are there only theories that become more robust with accumulated evidence?

There is no scientific fact.There is preponderance of evidence - like all evidence support this view and refute the other.Many times I use the word proof incorrectly. I know that data cannot prove a theory right. That said, that can prove a theory wrong.If the data/observation is incompatible with the principal tenets of a

What are the scientifically supported benefits (if any) of massage?

I've also heard a lot about the claimed physical benefits.  Many have said that massage helps to body to clear out "clogged" waste products from tissues.  The physical pressing and kneading of the muscles is thought to help clear away toxins and separate muscles that may have become "stuck"

What is the fascinating scientific fact you do know about but many may not?

1.) If you took all of the planets in the solar system and lined them up side by side, they would fit in the space between the Earth and the Moon. The distance between the Earth and the moon is around 247,000 miles; the combined diameter of all

What prevailing scientific theory today will likely prove to be as wrong as the geocentric theory of the Universe?

The body-centric idea that ‘we' as human beings are mainly our bodily cells, not our microbial cells.Considering that...even after numerous recounts, our bodies' microbial cells still seem to outnumber our total body cells (>50%), andour body cells rely heavily on an evolved bacteria (presumably an alphaproteobacteria, now what we

Which scientific theory is unproven completely but accepted by people?

Which scientific theory is unproven completely but accepted by people?Here is an inexhautive list of unproven Scientific Theories, take your pick:The Atomic TheoryBoyles LawThe Law of OvtavesNewtonian GravityHook's LawSpecial RelativityGeneral RelativityThe Standard Model of CosmologyQuantum MechanicsQuantum Field TheoryThe Standard Model of Particle PhysicsPlate TectonicsNatural SelectionMendelian InheritanceGeneticsThe Modern SynthesisTo see why, read Finches, Feathers and Apples.

Will humans become extinct before we can colonize other planets?

I read an article a few months back that pointed out in a lot of detail that even if humans do not kill themselves in the coming centuries, space travel beyond Mars will be not be possible for a very long time. Sure we can send

A lot of scientific "research" do not seem to be well-designed as necessary. As a seasoned scientist, would you say that most scientific research are reliable?

The fact that not all scientific experiments are 2^7–5 design with center point replication doesn't worry me. After all, once a new discovery is verified, it often proceeds to a product development phase in which the concept is ‘reduced to practice', with additional confirmation of

Are ethics hindering scientific development?

The answer is 100% yes. Whether they should or not is another matter.The Nazis made many scientific improvements because they had no ethical rules (at least for Jews and other people they didn't like). I suspect if all ours magically disappeared tomorrow, at the very

Are there any amazing scientific discoveries that are little known or have even been kept a secret?

Rather than dismiss this question as absurd, or argue with the supposed examples brought forward by others, let me tell you a bit about scientists and how they work, and you can judge for yourself how plausible it is that amazing discoveries are being kept a secret.It seems to be a secret to the

Can getting a PhD ever be easy?

Sorry that I have to stay anonymous, but I know that my professors and supervisor read Quora.Well, I do think it's worth pointing out that not all fields have the same PhD experience. I see the folks doing their PhD in physics or math, and seem to be constantly dealing with experiments not working,

Do groups of diverse problem-solvers outperform groups of higher-ability problem-solvers?

I will answer this question from my own personal experience. So I was in Jaipur(Capital of the state where I dwell), for a national level science competition. After the exam, all the students were waiting for a bus, which on that day is late. So I was standing isolated on the

Generally, does one end up needing to sleep longer if one goes to sleep later at night?

I think the most likely answer has less to do with any numbers on a clock and everything to do with light.If you moved from New York to. L.A. you would be sleeping at completely shifted hours as though you had stayed up three hours later by NY standards,

How does science explain philosophy?

Ricky Gervais can make you laugh. The movie The Titanic can make you cry. René Descartes can make you say aha.Scientifically these are just physical, mental, biological reactions to specific stimuli.Humor, storytelling, and philosophy are not topics we discuss often in science class

How far should governments exercise control over scientific development?

Thanks for the A2A.I think it's simple. Don't make special laws for science. Just use the existing laws on the books.Clearly experimenting on an unwilling subject, or taking the life of a willing subject are violations of existing laws.Polluting an environment, releasing some toxin, biological or otherwise, into the atmosphere

How much science was put on hold to support the Manhattan project?

Not much.The government wasn't big on funding science until WWII.Radar was being funded.Chemical warfare and biological warfare were being funded. The Germans were vastly outpacing the Allies as they found out when the UK and US found a cave filled with shells with 3 green rings on them.Explosives were being funded.Cryptanalysis was being funded.Aeronautics was being

Is it frustrating to be a researcher?

Yes, very much so. Your biggest limitation will be finding funding to do your research. Although liberals arts researchers tend to pay for their own research, which might be trips to libraries and archives, science research costs a lot of money. It costs money for equipment, analyses, and to pay graduate students to work on your research - and

Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by governments rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Strongly disagree. I'm not saying that government-controlled research shouldn't happen. But cutting out private companies would be a bad idea.Some of the most influential scientific advances came out of the laboratories of private companies. Bell Labs is a prime example; we owe a lot to the discoveries made there, and it was all private research.

Scientific Research: What is the most frustrating thing about being a scientist?

I would say, people not listening to you. This plays out on many scales. First, the public doesn't listen, or at least they hear the wrong things. Second, ideas move science forward so it is always frustrating when you feel like people are ignoring your perfectly good ideas. As a theorist, that is mostly all I have. That

What are other scientific projects in history with the scale of the Manhattan project?

Manhattan Project was such a waste of time,talent and money and ofcourse the death toll it caused, arms race it started can never be compensated.I don't think so that there were any positives for Human race from it but over the years scientists involved in the Manhattan Project published their research used in the project for it to

What are some common misconceptions about university professors?

Some of the answers given below are good, and the picture is very amusing and not far from the truth.I'm lucky to be a professor. I have an enjoyable job, I get to research things which interest me, and I

What are the benefits of using LaTeX over MS Word, especially for a scientific researcher doing a lot of biology and mathematics?

As well as the general benefits others have mentioned I'll try and show you why LaTeX can be better from my own work.First off is general appearance. By default, LaTeX just looks nicer. It's easier to format professionally whereas MS Word takes a lot of effort to look good.

What are the best websites to find peer reviewed journals that pertain to nutrition, health, and fitness?

Journal of Nutrition and Health (JNH) is an open access journal that publishes peer reviewed research articles and short communications in all aspects of nutrition. Journal of Nutrition and Health encompasses the full spectrum of nutritional science including nutritional requirements, public health nutrition, epidemiology, dietary surveys, body composition, energetics, appetite,

What are the biggest challenges in scientific computing?

I'm sure my answer will be quite different from the answers my High-Performance Computing (HPC) colleagues will likely give. Notice that whenever you ask someone what their biggest challenge is, they will always think of something just barely out of their grasp, a goal they can see but not quite achieve. Those are actually the smallest

What are the fascinating research topics in biotechnology?

Biotechnology is a very vast field, millions of scholars keep researching and trying to find something which is useful for humanity. The development of Biotechnology is directly effecting our art of living. There are so many major diseases already cured by scientist

What dietary supplements have the most credible support from scientific studies?

The growth exhibited by the global dietary supplements market is a result of various factors such as the developing economies and subsequently increasing income of consumers, rising awareness about nutrition, hectic lifestyle, increasing geriatric population, and spread of chronic ailments. These factors have

What makes graduate school worth it for you?

There is a presentation by Philip Guo which really hits home for me. You can find it at Why Pursue A Ph.D.? Three Practical Reasons (12-minute video) (thanks to Abhinav Upadhyay!) The crux of it is:At age 22 (right out of

What's the most widely held misconception about science that you know to be false?

What's the most widely held misconception about science that you know to be false?Many people assume that science has definitive answers. This is not true at all. The task of science is to further our knowledge about the world, not to make conclusions about

Who are the most prominent research scientists in digital physics?

Zazu's answer is pretty good. I'd like to also mention 3 others who've written some influential works in digital physics:Lorenzo Baravalle - philosopher who wrote a nice paper titled

Who is the world's greatest living scientist?

I think it should be Dr. Vint Cerf, the president of ACM.  If you don't know who he is, he invented internet along with Bob Kahn. I never realized his research caliber until recently when I got to meet him at Purdue University, where he

Who of the Manhattan Project scientists was the most brilliant?

Probably von Neumann. He came and went as he pleased to solve problems. Teller was placed in Super Theory after some initial work, to get him out of the way of the people doing real work.The bright could be identified and separated into the past and future Nobel Laureates: probably Fermi, as

Why do scientists research commonly known stuff?

At one point, all of the following were commonly known:The Earth is flat,The Earth is the motionless center of the universe,Men are smarter than women,People of the race that I belong to are smarter than people of other races,Species don't change over time,You don't need clean hands to do surgeryand so

Can you prove god exist using the scientific method?

No. By definition, God is beyond the purview of science. Science seeks to explain the natural world.God is OUTSIDE THE REALM OF THE NATURAL WORLD. If God created everything (definition), then He cannot be a PART of that which He created. Meaning He would